As one of the most popular drinks worldwide, a number of ways and methods exists to brew a coffee that originate from different countries. You may have seen some seemingly unusual techniques, but how do you make Turkish coffee? In this article we will explain what it is, and how you can make the perfect one at home.
What is Turkish Coffee?
Turkish coffee originates from Turkey and has, in fact, been declared an intangible cultural heritage of Turkey by UNESCO. It’s also known as Greek coffee, and is a process of preparing an unfiltered version of the drink. The finely ground beans are brewed in a traditional pot and served into a cup where it then settles. The resultant drink is quite bitter, so is often served with something sweet like a piece of candy.
How to Prepare Turkish Coffee
Making Turkish coffee is a fairly simple process, but to do it properly you will need the right equipment. Before you start you need to make sure you have a Turkish coffee pot, a spoon, a cup, sugar, and the coffee beans. Turkish coffee is usually made with Arabica beans, but you can use any type you want (for example mocha, java, and Viennese) as long as it is a medium roast.
The process itself involves roasting the beans again, so you don’t want to start with beans that have already been roasted a lot. You can also use spices like cardamom, cinnamon, nutmeg, or cloves if you want a more complex flavor.
The coffee needs to be very finely ground, so if you are starting with the beans you may need to get a specialty Turkish coffee grinder. Alternatively, many standard grinders will have a Turkish coffee setting, but simply grinding in a normal grinder at a high setting will not give you the fineness you require.
If you think of powdered cocoa, that’s the level of grind you are looking for. You may also be able to buy pre ground coffee, or be able to get it ground for you at your local store.
Once you have all the equipment and ingredients you need, you are ready to begin your Turkish coffee preparation:
Step 1 – Water
Decide how much coffee you plan on making and add that volume of cold water in your coffee pot. Put the pot on a heat source so it begins to gently heat up.
Step 2 – Add Coffee
For every small cup of coffee you want to make, add in one or two heaped teaspoons of ground coffee. Let it float on the surface and do not stir it. At this stage you can also add spice like cardamom, cinnamon, nutmeg, or cloves to add extra flavor.
Step 3 – Stir
The coffee will start to sink, so when it does it is time to stir it a few times and turn down the heat. Stir it a few more times until it starts to foam.
Step 4 – Turn Down the Heat
You will notice a ring of bubbles start to form on the surface of the liquid. It is now time to turn the heat down further or remove it from the heat altogether. At this stage the bubbles should be very small.
Step 5 – Look for Thick Froth
You now need to keep a close watch on things. You must not let it boil as this will ruin the flavor. What you want to look out for is the formation of a thick froth, something that should happen when it reaches a temperature of about 158 degrees Fahrenheit.
Step 6 – Monitor and Serve
You want to keep it at this stage for a long as possible without it boiling. You can stir it a little, and the more froth that forms the better it will taste. If it gets too hot it will rise, and you will need to remove it from the heat to let it settle down again. After this has happened a couple of times you are ready to serve and should pour into the cups- ensuring an equal amount of foam in each one.
Traditionally, Turkish coffee is served alongside a glass of water you drink to cleanse your palette. After pouring the drink you should leave the ground coffee to settle for a minute or so, and then it is ready to drink. You can add sugar to taste, as Turkish coffee is strong and bitter, and even serve with a candy to help take off the edge.
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Turkish coffee is unlike most preparation techniques because it doesn’t filter out the coffee granules, but this allows for a much creamier and fuller taste. It can be a little bitter, so is often served with something sweet, but is a great way to truly savor the flavor of the coffee bean. It’s easy to learn and once you do you no longer have to ask ‘how do you make Turkish Coffee?’, as it’ll soon become a firm favorite.